Kathmandu is the capital and largest municipality of Nepal Kathmandu is the core of Nepal's largest urban agglomeration located in the Kathmandu valley consisting of Lalitpur‚ Kirtipur‚ Madhyapur Thimi‚ Bhaktapur and a number of smaller communities. The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1‚400 metres (4‚600 ft) in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal. It is surrounded by four major mountains: Shivapuri‚ Phulchoki‚ Nagarjun‚ and Chandragiri. Kathmandu Valley is part of three districts (Kathmandu‚ Lalitpur‚ and Bhaktapur)‚ has the highest population density in the country‚ and is home to about a twelfth of Nepal's population.
Kathmandu is home to a number of museums and art galleries‚ including the National Museum of Nepal and the Natural History Museum of Nepal. Nepal's art and architecture is an amalgamation of two ancient religions‚ Hinduism and Buddhhism. These are amply reflected in the many temples‚ shrines‚ stupas‚monasteries‚ and palaces in the seven well-defined Monument Zones of the Kathmandu valley recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This amalgamation is also reflected in the planning and exhibitions in museums and art galleries throughout Kathmandu and its sister cities of Patan and Bhaktapur. The museums display unique artifacts and paintings from the 5th century CE to the present day‚ including archeological exportation.